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Review Types: Literature Reviews
This guide provides information and resources on the types of research as well as supporting works including literature reviews.
Uses a literature review as a foundation and support for new insight.
Summarizes and synthesizes the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions.
Books on Literature Reviews
What Is a Literature Review?
What is a Literature Review?
A literature review (commonly called lit review) is an in-depth critical analysis of published scholarly
research related to a specific topic. The “literature” may refer to journal articles, books, book chapters,
dissertations and theses, or conference proceedings.
What are the criteria of a Literature Review?
● Is organized and related directly to the thesis or research question developed
● Synthesizes results into a summary of what is known (and what is not known on the topic)
● Identifies areas of controversy in the literature
● Formulates questions that need further research
What does a Literature Review do?
Explains the background of research on a topic.
Helps focus your own research questions or problems.
Suggests unexplored ideas or populations.
Identifies critical gaps, points of disagreement, or potentially flawed methodology or theoretical approaches.
Literature Reviews are Important because they...
Provide a guide to a particular topic.
Are useful reports that keep professionals up to date with what is current in the field.
Can emphasize the credibility of the writer in his or her field.
Provide a solid background for a research paper’s investigation.
Literature Review Introduction Video
For the video below - note around 14-minute mark information on subheadings, around 16-minute mark information on bibliography and works cited.