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Review Types: Scoping Reviews

This guide provides information and resources on the types of research as well as supporting works including literature reviews.

What is a Scoping Review?

Scoping Reviews explore the breadth of evidence on a research topic, synthesizes knowledge on a research question, and outlines emerging literature in a field. It involves mapping concepts, gathering the types of evidence on a subject, and discovering gaps in research. A scoping review is often conducted to determine if a systematic review is viable and will provide insights into the kinds of evidence that are available in a field and how research has been conducted on a topic.


The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) Checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items to include when completing a scoping review. 

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